Depending on the underlying cause of a person’s mild cognitive impairment (MCi), a doctor may be able to prescribe treatments that help manage that condition and may improve symptoms.

Currently in the UK, there are no specific treatments available to treat MCI. Two medicines available for Alzheimer’s disease, called cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine, have not been shown to help people with MCI.

For people where the underlying cause of MCI is a treatable condition, like a thyroid disorder or vitamin deficiency, then their doctor prescribe treatments to manage the condition. Some people find this can improve their symptoms. The doctor may also treat any other conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure that could make symptoms of MCI worse.

Research is being carried out into non-drug treatments for MCI, such as memory training and computer based brain training. So far, the results have been mixed. Also being investigated are exercise and diet changes, which may reduce a person’s risk of going on to develop dementia.

The doctor may be able to suggest practical tips to help you manage your symptoms, like keeping a calendar or diary. They might also suggest ways to keep physically and mentally active, such as taking regular exercise which is important to keep our brains healthy.


Treatments for dementia

Read more about treatments for dementia, including information on treating depression, anxiety and agitation and for information on antipsychotics.

What is mild cognitive impairment?

This introductory leaflet aims to help you understand mild cognitive impairment. It’s for anyone who might be worried about their own or someone else’s memory.


Order health information

Alzheimer’s Research UK has a wide range of information about dementia. Order booklets or download them from our online form.

This information was updated in November 2021 and is due to be reviewed in November 2023. It was written by Alzheimer’s Research UK’s Information Services team with input from lay and expert reviewers.

Our information does not replace advice that doctors, pharmacists, or nurses may give you.

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Dementia Research Infoline

Want to know more about dementia? Keen to take part in research projects?

Contact the Dementia Research Infoline,

9am-5pm, Monday to Friday

0300 111 5 111