Depending on the underlying cause of a person’s mild cognitive impairment (MCI), a doctor may be able to prescribe treatments that help manage that condition and may improve symptoms.

In the UK, there are currently no specific treatments for MCI. There are some medicines available to help with symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, but these have not been shown to help people with MCI yet.

As some people with MCI may be in the early stages of a disease like Alzheimer’s, researchers are keen to find out whether possible new treatments work in people with MCI. People with MCI can play a crucial role in finding treatments to slow down dementia.

To find out more about taking part in clinical trials or other research studies, visit or call Alzheimer’s Research UK’s Dementia Research Infoline on 0300 111 5 111.

For people where the underlying cause of MCI is a treatable condition, like a thyroid disorder or vitamin deficiency, their doctor may prescribe treatments to manage the condition. Some people find this can improve their symptoms. The doctor may also treat any other conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure that could make the symptoms of MCI worse.

Research is being carried out into non-drug treatments for MCI, such as memory training and computer-based brain training. So far, the results have been mixed. Also being investigated are exercise and diet changes, which may reduce a person’s risk of going on to develop dementia.

The doctor may be able to suggest practical tips to help manage symptoms, like keeping a calendar or diary. They might also suggest ways to keep physically and mentally active, such as regular exercise which is important to keep our brains healthy.

Have you or a loved one been diagnosed with MCI?

If you have been diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment in the last two years and would like to share your story to help shape our work please get in touch via


Treatments for dementia

Read more about treatments for dementia, including information on treating depression, anxiety and agitation and for information on antipsychotics.

What is mild cognitive impairment?

This introductory leaflet aims to help you understand mild cognitive impairment. It’s for anyone who might be worried about their own or someone else’s memory.

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Order health information

Alzheimer’s Research UK has a wide range of information about dementia. Order booklets or download them from our online form.

This information was updated in November 2023 and is due to be reviewed in November 2025. It was written by Alzheimer’s Research UK’s Information Services team with input from lay and expert reviewers.

Our information does not replace advice that doctors, pharmacists, or nurses may give you.

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Dementia Research Infoline

Want to know more about dementia? Keen to take part in research projects?

Contact the Dementia Research Infoline,

9am-5pm, Monday to Friday

0300 111 5 111