Dementia is a word used to describe a group of symptoms that occur when brain cells stop working properly. It is caused by diseases.
It alone accounts for around two thirds of all dementia cases. Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease can include changes in memory, becoming lost in familiar places, low mood, difficulty communicating, and hallucinations.
Vascular dementia accounts for roughly two in 10 cases. This form of dementia can lead to movement problems, instability and falls, personality changes and being slower in thinking.
This type of dementia affects 10-15 per cent of people with dementia, roughly 100,000 people in the UK. Dementia with Lewy bodies can cause changes in alertness and attention, movement problems, visual hallucinations and sleep disturbances.
FTD, sometimes called Pick’s disease, accounts for fewer than one in 20 dementia cases. It can lead to changes in emotions, lack of interest, inappropriate behaviour, lack of inhibition and several other symptoms.
For example, Alzheimer’s disease is sometimes seen with vascular dementia or dementia with Lewy bodies. This can be called ‘mixed dementia’.
While there are currently some treatments that can help with the symptoms of dementia for a short time, there are no treatments that can stop, slow or prevent the condition.
Drug treatments currently available can address symptoms in some people, but they are not a cure and don’t stop the disease from progressing in the brain.
Some types of cognitive therapy can also be beneficial for people with different types of dementia.
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