Dementia is caused by diseases that damage the brain. They affect our memory and ability to think and communicate. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia, followed by vascular dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies and frontotemporal dementia.

Every person’s experience of dementia is different and unique, but many people find everyday activities like going to the shops, remembering appointments, and managing bills and letters difficult. These are often called activities of daily living. Over time, as dementia gets worse, a person will need more support to carry out other activities of daily living such as eating, getting dressed and washing.

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The information on these pages will help you understand some of the problems people with dementia may face in their day-to-day life.

Find out about how daily tasks can become challenging as dementia progresses.

Find out about how you can get help, information and support.